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Blood borne viruses (BBV) testing and vaccination

Testing/screening for blood-borne virus infections such as hepatitis C, HIV and hepatitis B, vaccinating against hepatitis B, and referral to relevant treatment services if appropriate.


Contingency management - attendance

Contingency management promotes engagement with services by incentivising service users’ treatment attendance.


Counselling (registered/accredited)

Counselling by a registered and accredited counsellor, exploring any difficulties, distress, dissatisfaction, or loss of a sense of direction experienced by a service user.


Family support

Family support is a collection of therapeutic approaches aimed at supporting the family and friends of service users.


Injectable opioid treatment (IOT)

The prescribing of injectable opioids – most commonly injectable diamorphine or methadone – as substitute treatment for opiate (usually heroin) dependency.


Inpatient assessment and stabilisation

High level medical assessment of severe or complex substance use, mental health, physical health and social problems, and titration and stabilisation on opioid substitute therapy.


Keywork interventions in (phase 1) Engagement

Interventions focussed on: building the therapeutic relationship; engagement with the care-planning process; building motivation for change and setting initial treatment goals.



Care planning and case management activities to determine and monitor appropriate interventions, and maintain recovery momentum and safety in treatment.

View all Keyworking interventions

Medically assisted recovery

Covers a broad range of medical interventions that may treat or ameliorate drug dependence and associated problems.


Motivational enhancement therapy

Motivational enhancement therapy may be used to improve patient engagement in, and adherence to, drug treatment.


Motivational interviewing

A set of therapeutic principles and techniques for enhancing intrinsic motivation to change by exploring and resolving ambivalence


Mutual aid

Peer groups (most commonly 12-Step) in which members are both recipients and providers of support to achieve common goals.


Opioid substitute treatment (OST)

The prescribing of opioid substitute medication to dependent heroin and other opiate-users as part of a package of treatment interventions including psychosocial.


Specific physical health interventions

This involves managing specific physical health problems, these commonly include hepatitis C, wound care.